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FIR-7.05 - Placarding of Hazardous Materials Facilities

PLACARDING OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS FACILITIES
Administrative Rule Adopted by Portland Fire & Rescue Pursuant to Rule-Making Authority
ARB-FIR-7.05

PURPOSE:
Establish recommended standards for posting hazardous material identification signs for rooms, businesses, buildings, facilities, and other interior or exterior locations where hazardous materials are stored, manufactured or used.

SCOPE:
This policy applies to all occupancies storing, manufacturing or using hazardous material and which are located where Portland Fire & Rescue has authority.

BACKGROUND:
Under the guidelines of SARA/Title 3 (Emergency Responders’ Right to Know) this office is charged with enforcing the uniform posting of hazardous material sites. These placarding criteria are used to alert emergency responders of potential hazards. They are targeted specifically at responders from outside of their normal Fire Management Area (FMA) or for relief officers that are not familiar with the FMA.

REFERENCE:
1998 edition of the Oregon Uniform Fire Code, Article 80, NFPA 704, 29CFR 1910, 40CFR Part 355, Sara Title III.

DEFINITIONS:
CATEGORY 3 FACILITY: A designation established by PBFRES for a facility determined by the station officer to have hazardous materials in sufficient quantities to cause injury, death, or environmental destruction.
CONTROL AREA PLACARD(S):(INSIDE BUILDINGS) A room or area separated from the rest of any building by a minimum 1 hour construction (a flammable liquid storage room or laboratory is an example of this).
BUILDING PLACARD(S): Placards located on the exterior of a building or buildings. If no hazards exist in a particular building, no placard shall be applied to that building.
FACILITY PLACARD(S): Placards located at entrance point(s) to the property. The placard(s) should indicate the overall hazard of the area inside the fence or barrier for the entire facility, including multiple buildings and/or control areas.

PROCEDURES:
I. Criteria for Designation Of Facilities:
A. Facilities with hazardous materials which pose a potential exposure that would cause loss of life or injuries due to the amount of physical or health hazard products on site.
B. Facilities with hazardous materials on-site that may severely impact the environment in the event of a release.
C. Any facility that the Station Captain may designate.
II. USE OF INFORMATION:
A. Such facilities shall be identified in the Dispatch Premise Information as ‘Category 3 Haz Mat’ sites.
B. Immediately upon dispatch to a Category 3 Haz Mat site, Dispatch shall notify responding companies of this information.
C. Access to Pre-Fire information on Category 3 Haz Mat sites will be by hard copy on board first-in companies as well as via the electronic Building System.
III. COORDINATION OF PLACARDING:
A. Placarding of the designated facilities will be performed and coordinated by the Inspector in the Fire Marshal’s Office designated for Hazardous Materials Planning (Citizen's-Right-to-Know Planning Inspector).
B. Interior storage room placards are to be provided upon individual request or company referral. The 7-inch 704 diamond placards shall be used.
IV. CONTROL AREA Placards:
(Interior)- Recommended size varies. Use NFPA 704, Figure 6-2 to determine size. May be 2" for medical offices and other office spaces OR see ALTERNATIVES starting on page 3.
A. Shall be placed next to any personnel doors that may be used for entry to rooms containing hazardous materials.
B. Shall be placed on the wall on the latch/handle side of the door(s) whenever possible.
C. Shall be placed to be clearly visible. Avoid placing the placard on the door itself or on the wall too close to the hinged side of the door where the placard will be behind the door when it is open.
D. Shall be 30" to 44" above the floor.
E. Shall indicate only the hazards located inside the particular control area that they serve.
V. Building Placards:
(Exterior) – Recommended placard size is 10 inches on each side (minimum 7 inches on each side). See also SARA TITLE III INFORMATION starting on page 3.
A. Placards for designated Category 3 Haz Mat sites shall include the posting of both the 10" NFPA 704 sign and the 7" PBFRES sign.
B. Shall indicate all the hazards located within that particular building.
C. When required, buildings should be placarded on each side where entrance into a building may be necessary.
D. Shall be placed next to any personnel doors that may be used for entry to buildings containing hazardous materials.
E. Shall be placed on the wall on the latch/handle side of the door(s) whenever possible.
F. Shall be placed to be clearly visible. Avoid placing the placard on the door itself or on the wall too close to the hinged side of the door where the placard will be behind the door when it is open.
G. Shall be 30" to 44" above the floor.
H. Shall indicate only the hazards located inside the particular building that they serve.
I. Shall be weather resistant and durable (as approved by authority having jurisdiction).
J. For exterior placards, the Fire Officer should keep in mind that vandalism may dictate that placards be located 8 to 10 feet above the ground.
VI. Facility PLACARDS:
(Exterior) – Recommended placard size is 10 inches on each
side (minimum 7 inches on each side). See also SARA TITLE III INFORMATION-pg 3.
A. Placards for designated Category 3 Haz Mat sites shall include the posting of both the 10" NFPA 704 sign and the 7" PBFRES sign.
B. Shall indicate the highest overall hazard that will be found at the entire facility or complex site.
C. May be placed at main entrance(s) of a facility or complex (see facility definition).
D. Shall be placed to be clearly visible.
E. Shall be weather resistant and durable (as approved by authority having jurisdiction).
F. For exterior placards, the Fire Officer should keep in mind that vandalism may dictate that placards be located 8 to 10 feet above the ground.
G. When a placard is placed on a metal or wooden backboard on fencing, placement of placards shall be located in such a manner that they will not be obstructed by fencing, gates, doors, or other obstacles which would obscure placards.
H. In cases where entry is not restricted into a COMPLEX (two (2) or more buildings) or a facility with the same address, under common control by one individual, the FACILITY placard(s) may be mounted on a light pole next to the driveway(s) or on a pole designated for the placard.
VII. NUMBERS ON PLACARDS:
A. IF no hazards exists in the Health, Flammability, or Reactivity categories for any placard, then a "0" (ZERO) must be placed in the appropriate category diamond. REASON: This should be done so the emergency responder knows that a number has not fallen off or been removed from the placard.
B. The 10-inch 704 diamond shall have 4" reflective numerals for the Health (blue) and Fire (red) backgrounds.
C. The 7-inch 704 placards shall have 3" reflective numerals for Health (blue) and Fire (red).
D. Black numbers in the Health and Fire portions of the placards can not be distinguished at night at certain distances as they blend into the background. Thus, reflective numerals are to be used in the health (blue) and fire (red) portions of the placards.
E. Facilities required to provide exterior placarding with the 10-inch 704 diamonds are to be designated by the Station Captain or his appointee. He shall review the annual listing of facilities in his Fire Management Area (FMA) that have reported hazardous materials. This list shall be provided by the designated Inspector in the Fire Marshal’s Office assigned to the Community-Right-to-Know Planning position.
SARA TITLE III INFORMATION:
1. State Fire Marshal's hazardous substance survey inventories for a given FMA are to be on all apparatus. Survey Inventories shall include those sites reporting quantities in excess of 500 pounds, gallons, or cubic feet. Complete sets for Districts shall be carried in each Battalion Chiefs vehicle and a complete listing for the City is available for responders via Dispatch.
2. Computerized information shall be available directly to the emergency responders via Mobile Data Terminals on board apparatus.
3. Designation of a facility as Category 3 shall serve to alert second-in responders of hazardous conditions that they would not normally be aware of.
4. Facilities classified as a Category 3 site that have the 704 placards either at the entry or on the building shall also have a 7" 704 placard adjacent to the original. The 7 " placard will have the letters ‘P’ (in the blue Health square), ‘F’ (in the red Fire square), and ‘B’ (in the yellow Reactive square). Non-category 3 sites will not have the 7" 704 placard.
HAZARD RANKING THE NFPA 704 DIAMOND: The designated FMO Citizen's-Right-to-Know Planning Inspector determines hazard numerical ranking for the Health, Fire, Reactivity and Special hazards from MSDS', manufacturers information, or suppliers information. Placement of placards at the designated facility will be verified and approved by the responsible Engine Company for the Fire Management Area.
PLACARDING CABINETS: Cabinets, piping, and containers should be labeled to provide more specific information about products.
RESPONSIBILITY TO UPDATE: The Fire Prevention Inspector or Fire Officer is responsible for notifying the Citizen's-Right-to-Know Inspector if a placard is not accurate or is in need of replacement.


HISTORY
 
Filed for inclusion in PPD June 13, 2003.
Originally adopted by Fire Marshal as Fire Prevention Division Policy Manual Document G-5, effective March 20, 2001.

Table of Contents
FIR-7.01 - Abandoned Flammable Liquid Storage Tanks
FIR-7.05 - Placarding of Hazardous Materials Facilities