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17.102.020 Definitions.

(Amended by Ordinance No. 182671, effective May 15, 2009.)  For purposes of Chapter 17.102, and rules adopted thereunder, the following terms shall be understood to have the meanings specified in this Section. Terms, words, phrases, and their derivatives used but not specifically defined in this Chapter shall have meanings commonly accepted in the community.


A.  “Administrative Rule” means all rules promulgated under Section 17.102.030 of this Chapter.


B.  "Approved Residential Recycler" means a person that has been granted approved residential recycler status by the Director. Approved residential recycler includes any employees or other persons authorized to act on behalf of the approved residential recycler.


C.  “Assessment” means a civil penalty assessed for an infraction as provided in Chapter 17.102 or the franchise.


D.  “Assigned Territory” means an area within the City in which only a franchisee designated by the City may collect solid waste and recyclable material from residential customers.


E.  “Business” means any commercial entity, including industrial and institutional, but not including multifamily complexes or commercial entities that occupy 50 percent or less of the floor area of a residence.


F.  “City” means the City of Portland, Oregon, and such territory outside of this City over which the City has jurisdiction or control by virtue of any Intergovernmental Agreement or law.


G.  “Collect” or “Collection” means to accept, accumulate, store, process, transport, market or dispose of.


H.  “Commercial” means relating to an entity that is non-residential in nature or, if residential, consists of five or more dwelling units on a single tax lot.


I.  “Commercial Collection” means the collection of solid waste, recyclable and compostable materials in exchange for compensation from:


1.  A non-residential source; or


2.  A multifamily residence of five or more dwelling units located on a single tax lot.;


J.  “Compensation” means:


1.  Any type of consideration paid for collection service, including, without limitation, rent or lease payments and any other direct or indirect provision of payment of money, goods, services or benefits by owners, tenants, lessees, occupants or similar persons;


2.  The exchange of services between persons; and


3.  The flow of consideration from the person owning or possessing the solid waste recyclable or compostable material to the person providing collection service or from the person providing collection service to the person owning or possessing the solid waste recyclable or compostable material.


K.  "Compostable Material" and “Compostable” means yard debris, food scraps and food soiled paper when source separated for controlled biological decomposition. Compostable material shall not include food soiled paper containing plastic or other materials that inhibit controlled biological decomposition.


L.  "Composting" means the series of activities, including collection, separation, and processing, by which compostable materials are recovered from or otherwise diverted from the solid waste stream for controlled biological decomposition.  Composting includes composting of source separated organics but not composting of mixed waste.


M.  “Customer” when used to refer to commercial collection service, means a person that has arranged for the collection of solid waste, recyclable or compostable materials, excluding residential collection service covered by a franchise.  Where several businesses share containers and service, customer refers only to the person that arranges for the service.


N.  “Customer” when used to refer to residential collection service means any person who receives solid waste, recycling or yard debris collection service at a residence (four-plex or smaller) in a franchise territory or any non-residential customer who qualifies for collection services as provided in the franchise granted by Ordinance No. 181666.  The customer need not be the person billed for such service.  For rental properties where the owner of the property is required to subscribe for service, the owner shall be considered the customer.


O.  “Director” means the Director of the City’s Bureau of Planning and Sustainability or his or her authorized representative, designee or agent.


P.  "Food Soiled Paper" means paper products that cannot be recycled into paper products or that have been in contact with organic materials to the degree that they would not be able to be recycled into paper products.  Food soiled paper includes, but is not limited to, used paper table covers, used napkins, and waxy corrugated cardboard.  Food soiled paper includes otherwise recyclable paper that has been in contact with food to the degree that it is not recyclable into paper products, but does not include unsoiled cardboard boxes, newspaper or office paper.


Q.  "Food Scraps" means all waste from meats, fish, and vegetables, which attends or results from the storage, preparation, cooking, handling, selling or serving of food for human consumption.  Food scraps includes, but are not limited to, excess, spoiled or usable food or dairy products, meats, vegetable and meat trimmings, grains, breads and dough, incidental amounts of edible oils, and organic waste from food processing.  Food scraps does not include large amounts of oils and meats which may be collected for rendering, fuel production or other reuse applications.


R.  "Food Waste Generating Business" means businesses and institutions whose waste is composed of a large amount of food scraps and food soiled paper.  It includes but is not limited to restaurants, grocery stores, or food markets, hotels with catering operations, institutions with cafeterias, caterers, central kitchens or commissaries, bakeries, produce wholesalers and food processors.  It does not include businesses that produce only incidental amounts of food waste in the course of doing business, such as from employee lunches.


S.  “Franchise” means a franchise for the collection of residential solid waste, recyclable materials and yard debris, granted by Ordinance No. 181666, and as amended by subsequent ordinances.


T.  “Franchisee” means a business that has been granted a franchise by Ordinance No. 181666 and subsequent amending ordinances.  Franchisee includes any employees or other persons authorized to act on behalf of the franchisee.  Franchisee has a meaning identical to that of “grantee” as used in the franchise.  A franchisee holds a single franchise for collection service in any and all of its franchise territories, including any territories transferred from other franchisees as approved by the Portland City Council, subsequent to Ordinance No. 181666, and as amended by subsequent ordinances.


U.  “Franchise Territory” means an area within the City in which only a person granted a franchise by the City may collect residential solid waste, recyclable materials or yard debris, from residential customers.  A single franchisee may serve more than one franchise territory.


V.  “Independent Commercial Recycler” means a person who collects only recyclable and/or compostable materials from non-residential sources for the sole purpose of recycling or composting, and who does not collect solid waste.


W.  “Infraction” means a failure to comply with Portland City Code Chapter 17.102, the franchise, or the administrative rules promulgated thereunder, as applicable.


X.  “Metro” means the metropolitan service district responsible for regional solid waste management and planning within Clackamas, Multnomah and Washington Counties.


Y.  “Multifamily Complex” or “Multifamily” means any multidwelling building or group of buildings that contain(s) five dwelling units or more on a single tax lot, such as apartments, condominiums, mobile home parks, or houseboat moorages.  Multifamily also includes certified or licensed residential care housing, such as adult foster care homes.


Z.  "BPS" means the City’s Bureau of Planning and Sustainability.


AA.  “Permittee” means any person granted a commercial collection permit under Section 17.102.210 of this Chapter.


BB.  “Person” means any individual, partnership, association, firm, trust, estate, a public or private corporation, a local government unit, a public agency, the state or any other legal entity.


CC.  “Recyclable Material” and “Recyclable” includes, but is not limited to, newspaper, scrap paper, ferrous scrap metal, non-ferrous scrap metal, used motor oil, corrugated cardboard and kraft paper, container glass, aluminum, tin cans, magazines, aseptic packaging, coated paper milk cartons, steel aerosol cans, plastic bottles, office paper, cooking grease, wood, rubble and other materials as may be designated by the City. 


DD.  “Recycling” means the series of activities including collection, separation, and processing, by which products or other materials are recovered from or otherwise diverted from the solid waste stream for use in the following:


1.   In the form of raw materials in the manufacture of new products other than fuel.


EE.  “Residence” means any dwelling unit that is a four-plex or smaller, regardless of whether it has subscribed for waste collection, or has waste collection, in individual cans, carts or containers.  Residence includes multifamily dwellings such as apartment complexes, condominiums, mobile home parks, or houseboat moorages with four units or fewer on a single tax lot. Residence also includes dwelling units used by fraternities or sororities. Residence does not include any multifamily complex as defined in this Section, multi-dwelling building or group of buildings that contain(s) five dwelling units or more on a single tax lot, such as condominiums, mobile home parks, or houseboat moorages, nor does residence include certified or licensed residential adult foster care homes.  Residence does not include any dwelling where over 50 percent of the entire building is being used for business purposes.  Agreements between owners of residences purporting to provide for the collection of solid waste and recyclable on a combined basis shall not alter the status of each dwelling unit as a residence.


FF.  “Resident” means any person living in a residence.


GG.  “Residential” means of or pertaining to a residence.


HH.  “Self Haul, Commercial” when used in reference to solid waste, recyclables or compostables generated by a commercial entity, means the collection and transportation of material from a commercial entity where an owner or employee of the entity hauls the material rather than hiring a permittee or independent commercial recycler to perform this function.


II.  “Solid Waste” has the meaning given in ORS 459.005(24) (2007), but does not include the following materials:


1.  Sewage sludge, septic tank and cesspool pumpings or other sludge;


2.  Discarded or abandoned vehicles;


JJ.  “Source Separate” means that the person who last used recyclable or compostable material separates the material from solid waste and keeps the recyclable or compostable material separate from solid waste.


KK.  “Yard Debris" means leaves, grass clippings, sod, weeds, vines, vegetative material from the yard, pumpkins, and prunings of no greater than four inches in diameter or 36 inches in length.  Large branches (greater than four inches in diameter or more than 36 inches in length), dirt, stumps, metal, rocks, ashes, animal waste, food and household solid waste are not considered yard debris.

Title 17 Public Improveme
Chapter 17.04 Definitions
Chapter 17.06 Administration of Public Works Permitting
Chapter 17.08 Local Improvement Procedure
Chapter 17.12 Assessments
Chapter 17.13 Parks and Recreation System Development Charge
Chapter 17.14 Financing Systems Development Charges
Chapter 17.15 Transportation System Development Charge
Chapter 17.16 General Provisions
Chapter 17.18 General Obligation Improvement Warrants
Chapter 17.19 Northwest Transportation Fund
Chapter 17.20 (Repealed)
Chapter 17.23 Special Traffic Control District
Chapter 17.24 Permits
Chapter 17.25 Sidewalk Cafes
Chapter 17.26 Sidewalk Vendors
Chapter 17.27 Structural Driveways
Chapter 17.28 Sidewalks, Curbs and Driveways
Chapter 17.30 (Repealed)
Chapter 17.32 Public Sewer and Drainage System Permits, Connections and Maintenance
Chapter 17.33 Required Public Sewer Connection
Chapter 17.34 Sanitary Discharges
Chapter 17.35 Septage Discharge
Chapter 17.36 Sewer User Charges
Chapter 17.37 Downspout Disconnection
Chapter 17.38 Drainage and Water Quality
Chapter 17.39 Storm System Discharges
Chapter 17.40 Protection of Public Right-of-Way
Chapter 17.41 Landslide Abatement
Chapter 17.42 Property Owner Responsibility for Streets
Chapter 17.44 Street Obstructions
Chapter 17.45 Advertising on Bus Benches
Chapter 17.46 Newsracks
Chapter 17.48 Moving Buildings
Chapter 17.52 Trees
Chapter 17.56 Public Utilitites
Chapter 17.60 Underground Wiring Districts
Chapter 17.64 Protection of City Owned Telecommunications Line and Equipment, Street Lighing and Traffic Signal Systems
Chapter 17.68 Street Lights
Chapter 17.72 (Repealed)
Chapter 17.76 Fuel Tanks
Chapter 17.80 Plats and Dedications
Chapter 17.82 Land Divisions
Chapter 17.84 Street Vacations
Chapter 17.88 Street Access
Chapter 17.92 Street Designation
Chapter 17.93 Renaming City Streets
Chapter 17.96 Surveys, Elevations and Monuments
Chapter 17.100 Remedies and Penalties
Chapter 17.102 Solid Waste & Recycling Collection
Chapter 17.103 Single-Use Plastic Checkout Bags