A. All buildings in which children are housed shall be placed on
a well-drained ground and separated from stables and barns at least 200
B. All buildings shall be built to comply with the sanitary
regulations of the State Board of Health and the Bureau of Health.
C. All institution buildings including school buildings which
are more than one story in height shall be fitted with easily accessible fire
escapes to provide for the rapid emptying of buildings in case of fire.
D. The minimum requirements for rooms for a child caring
1. Playground. The playground should be well
equipped. Sufficient outdoor space shall be provided so that each child
shall have at least 15 square feet of space. Provision shall be made for
a part of the playground to be covered and protected from rain, and this area
must contain a minimum of 5 square feet of space per child.
2. Playroom. The playroom shall provide at least 15
square feet of floor space for each child. The walls and floors must be
finished so as to be washable, and the rooms shall be cleaned daily. The
furniture and toys shall be constructed of material that is washable and
easily cleaned. The use of lead base paint in such rooms is
3. Rest or sleeping room. The rest or sleeping room
shall be used exclusively for sleeping purposes and shall furnish at least 500
cubic feet of air space for each child. Separate beds or cots shall be
provided for each child. The bends shall have satisfactory springs in
good repair and they shall be kept clean. All the sleeping rooms shall
provide at least 50 square feet of floor space for each bed. When beds
are placed side by side, there shall be a minimum space of 5 feet between the
beds so that the face of the occupants may be at least 6 feet apart.
Adequate ventilation shall be provided for these rooms;
4. Dining room. The dining room shall have walls and
floor finished so as to be washable. The tables, chairs and eating
utensils shall be kept clean;
5. Kitchen equipment. Kitchen equipment shall be
adequate for the service of good meals. Kitchen utensils shall be kept
in good repair and so designed as to be easily cleaned. Utensils
contained or plated with cadmium or lead shall not be used;
6. Isolation room. An isolation room shall be provided
for the treatment and care of children who are suspected of having
communicable disease, and be available at all times;
7. Lavatories and bathrooms. The lavatories and
bathrooms shall be equipped with washbasins and toilets of such a size that
they may be used by the children without assistance. Every toilet shall
be scrubbed daily with soap and water. Each ward or corridor shall be
provided with at least one bath and toilet for every 15 children. Each
child shall be given an individual towel, toothbrush and comb;
8. Receiving ward. A receiving ward shall be provided
where new children are received and isolated for the required time to prevent
the introduction of communicable disease into the institution.
E. Floors shall be of such construction as to be easily cleaned
and maintained. Walls shall be of smooth and washable material.
F. There must be a heating plant capable of maintaining a
temperature of approximately 70 degrees Fahrenheit at a point 24 inches above
the floor in all rooms occupied by the children.
G. All living and sleeping rooms shall have window space of at
least twenty percent of the floor area and shall be constructed to give
sufficient light and ventilation.
H. A water supply under pressure from the City water mains shall
be provided in ample quantity for the needs of the institution.
I. The sewage of the institution shall be disposed of in a
manner approved by the Bureau of Health, and in accordance with applicable
ordinances of the City.